Frazer remarks on the ritual practised in Siam where a ‘debauched’ woman was carried on a litter through the city. During the journey she was pelted with missiles and insults were hurled at her. Outside the city walls she was thrown onto a dunghill and forbidden to return. The city’s badness had been symbolically cast onto the refuse heap.
– Tom Douglas, Scapegoats: Transferring Blame (1995)